Crohn's disease, one of two inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), affects 200,000 people in the UK alone, or roughly one in every 500. We explore the feasibility of deep learning algorithms for identification of terminal ileal Crohn's disease in Magnetic Resonance Enterography images on a small dataset. We show that they provide comparable performance to the current clinical standard, the MaRIA score, while requiring only a fraction of the preparation and inference time. Moreover, bowels are subject to high variation between individuals due to the complex and free-moving anatomy. Thus we also explore the effect of difficulty of the classification at hand on performance. Finally, we employ soft attention mechanisms to amplify salient local features and add interpretability.
- Pub Date:
- August 2019
- Computer Science - Machine Learning;
- Computer Science - Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition;
- Statistics - Machine Learning
- Accepted to PRIME-MICCAI 2019