Music genre classification is a widely researched topic in music information retrieval (MIR). Being able to automatically tag genres will benefit music streaming service providers such as JOOX, Apple Music, and Spotify for their content-based recommendation. However, most studies on music classification have been done on western songs which differ from Thai songs. Lukthung, a distinctive and long-established type of Thai music, is one of the most popular music genres in Thailand and has a specific group of listeners. In this paper, we develop neural networks to classify such Lukthung genre from others using both lyrics and audios. Words used in Lukthung songs are particularly poetical, and their musical styles are uniquely composed of traditional Thai instruments. We leverage these two main characteristics by building a lyrics model based on bag-of-words (BoW), and an audio model using a convolutional neural network (CNN) architecture. We then aggregate the intermediate features learned from both models to build a final classifier. Our results show that the proposed three models outperform all of the standard classifiers where the combined model yields the best $F_1$ score of 0.86, allowing Lukthung classification to be applicable to personalized recommendation for Thai audience.
- Pub Date:
- August 2019
- Computer Science - Machine Learning;
- Computer Science - Sound;
- Electrical Engineering and Systems Science - Audio and Speech Processing;
- Statistics - Machine Learning
- ICSEC 2019 (accepted)