Safe and Near-Optimal Policy Learning for Model Predictive Control using Primal-Dual Neural Networks
In this paper, we propose a novel framework for approximating the explicit MPC law for linear parameter-varying systems using supervised learning. In contrast to most existing approaches, we not only learn the control policy, but also a "certificate policy", that allows us to estimate the sub-optimality of the learned control policy online, during execution-time. We learn both these policies from data using supervised learning techniques, and also provide a randomized method that allows us to guarantee the quality of each learned policy, measured in terms of feasibility and optimality. This in turn allows us to bound the probability of the learned control policy of being infeasible or suboptimal, where the check is performed by the certificate policy. Since our algorithm does not require the solution of an optimization problem during run-time, it can be deployed even on resource-constrained systems. We illustrate the efficacy of the proposed framework on a vehicle dynamics control problem where we demonstrate a speedup of up to two orders of magnitude compared to online optimization with minimal performance degradation.
- Pub Date:
- June 2019
- Computer Science - Machine Learning;
- Electrical Engineering and Systems Science - Systems and Control;
- Statistics - Machine Learning
- IEEE American Control Conference (ACC) 2019, July 9-12, Philadelphia, PA, USA