Redshift Evolution of the Fundamental Plane Relation in the IllustrisTNG Simulation
Abstract
We investigate the fundamental plane (FP) evolution of earlytype galaxies in the IllustrisTNG100 simulation (TNG100) from redshift $z=0$ to $z=2$. We find that a tight plane relation already exists as early as $z=2$. Its scatter stays as low as $\sim 0.08$ dex across this redshift range. Both slope parameters $b$ and $c$ (where $R \propto \sigma^b I^c$ with $R$, $\sigma$, and $I$ being the typical size, velocity dispersion, and surface brightness) of the plane evolve mildly since $z=2$, roughly consistent with observations. The FP residual $\rm Res$ ($\equiv\,a\,+\,b\log \sigma\,+\,c\log I\,\,\log R$, where $a$ is the zero point of the FP) is found to strongly correlate with stellar age, indicating that stellar age can be used as a crucial fourth parameter of the FP. However, we find that $4c+b+2=\delta$, where $\delta \sim 0.8$ for FPs in TNG, rather than zero as is typically inferred from observations. This implies that a tight powerlaw relation between the dynamical masstolight ratio $M_{\rm dyn}/L$ and the dynamical mass $M_{\rm dyn}$ (where $M_{\rm dyn}\equiv 5\sigma^2R/G$, with $G$ being the gravitational constant) is not present in the TNG100 simulation. Recovering such a relation requires proper mixing between dark matter and baryons, as well as star formation occurring with correct efficiencies at the right mass scales. This represents a powerful constraint on the numerical models, which has to be satisfied in future hydrodynamical simulations.
 Publication:

arXiv eprints
 Pub Date:
 June 2019
 arXiv:
 arXiv:1906.00927
 Bibcode:
 2019arXiv190600927L
 Keywords:

 Astrophysics  Astrophysics of Galaxies
 EPrint:
 9 pages, 7 figures, 1 table, Submitted to MNRAS