Recently, Geometric Deep Learning (GDL) has been introduced as a novel and versatile framework for computer-aided disease classification. GDL uses patient meta-information such as age and gender to model patient cohort relations in a graph structure. Concepts from graph signal processing are leveraged to learn the optimal mapping of multi-modal features, e.g. from images to disease classes. Related studies so far have considered image features that are extracted in a pre-processing step. We hypothesize that such an approach prevents the network from optimizing feature representations towards achieving the best performance in the graph network. We propose a new network architecture that exploits an inductive end-to-end learning approach for disease classification, where filters from both the CNN and the graph are trained jointly. We validate this architecture against state-of-the-art inductive graph networks and demonstrate significantly improved classification scores on a modified MNIST toy dataset, as well as comparable classification results with higher stability on a chest X-ray image dataset. Additionally, we explain how the structural information of the graph affects both the image filters and the feature learning.
- Pub Date:
- May 2019
- Computer Science - Machine Learning;
- Electrical Engineering and Systems Science - Image and Video Processing;
- Statistics - Machine Learning;
- 9 pages, 2 figures. Medical Image Computing and Computer Assisted Intervention - MICCAI 2019