We propose a family of order parameters to detect the symmetry fractionalization class of anyons in 2D topological phases. This fractionalization class accounts for the projective, as opposed to linear, representations of the symmetry group on the anyons. We focus on quantum double models on a lattice enriched with an internal symmetry in the framework of $G$-isometric projected entangled pair states. Unlike previous schemes based on reductions to effective 1D systems (dimensional compactification), the order parameters presented here can be probed on genuinely two-dimensional geometries, and are local: they rely on operations on few neighbouring particles in the bulk. The power of these order parameters is illustrated with several combinations of topological content and symmetry. We demonstrate that a strictly finer phase distinction than that provided by dimensional compactification can be obtained. As particular examples, the resolution power of these order parameters is illustrated for a case with non-abelian topological order, and for another with symmetries that involves permutation of anyons.
- Pub Date:
- May 2019
- Quantum Physics;
- Condensed Matter - Strongly Correlated Electrons
- 13 pages, 3 figures, orientation on diagrams added, minor typos corrected, appendix about an explicit example added