N2VSCDNNR: A Local Recommender System Based on Node2vec and Rich Information Network
Recommender systems are becoming more and more important in our daily lives. However, traditional recommendation methods are challenged by data sparsity and efficiency, as the numbers of users, items, and interactions between the two in many real-world applications increase fast. In this work, we propose a novel clustering recommender system based on node2vec technology and rich information network, namely N2VSCDNNR, to solve these challenges. In particular, we use a bipartite network to construct the user-item network, and represent the interactions among users (or items) by the corresponding one-mode projection network. In order to alleviate the data sparsity problem, we enrich the network structure according to user and item categories, and construct the one-mode projection category network. Then, considering the data sparsity problem in the network, we employ node2vec to capture the complex latent relationships among users (or items) from the corresponding one-mode projection category network. Moreover, considering the dependency on parameter settings and information loss problem in clustering methods, we use a novel spectral clustering method, which is based on dynamic nearest-neighbors (DNN) and a novel automatically determining cluster number (ADCN) method that determines the cluster centers based on the normal distribution method, to cluster the users and items separately. After clustering, we propose the two-phase personalized recommendation to realize the personalized recommendation of items for each user. A series of experiments validate the outstanding performance of our N2VSCDNNR over several advanced embedding and side information based recommendation algorithms. Meanwhile, N2VSCDNNR seems to have lower time complexity than the baseline methods in online recommendations, indicating its potential to be widely applied in large-scale systems.
- Pub Date:
- April 2019
- Computer Science - Information Retrieval;
- Computer Science - Social and Information Networks;
- Physics - Physics and Society