The third law of thermodynamics or an absolute definition for Entropy. Part 1 : the origin and applications in thermodynamics
This article describes the third law of thermodynamics. This law is often poorly known and is often decried, or even considered optional and irrelevant to describe weather and climate phenomena. This, however, is inaccurate and contrary to scientific facts. A rather exhaustive historical study is proposed here in order to better understand, in another article to come, why the third principle can be interesting for the atmosphere sciences.