Rear-surface integral method for calculating thermal diffusivity: finite pulse time correction and two-layer samples
We study methods for calculating the thermal diffusivity of solids from laser flash experiments. This experiment involves subjecting the front surface of a small sample of the material to a heat pulse and recording the resulting temperature rise on the opposite (rear) surface. Recently, a method was developed for calculating the thermal diffusivity from the rear-surface temperature rise, which was shown to produce improved estimates compared with the commonly used half-time approach. This so-called rear-surface integral method produced a formula for calculating the thermal diffusivity of homogeneous samples under the assumption that the heat pulse is instantaneously absorbed uniformly into a thin layer at the front surface. In this paper, we show how the rear-surface integral method can be applied to a more physically realistic heat flow model involving the actual heat pulse shape from the laser flash experiment. New thermal diffusivity formulas are derived for handling arbitrary pulse shapes for either a homogeneous sample or a heterogeneous sample comprising two layers of different materials. Presented numerical experiments confirm the accuracy of the new formulas and demonstrate how they can be applied to the kinds of experimental data arising from the laser flash experiment.
- Pub Date:
- April 2019
- Physics - Computational Physics
- 10 pages, 3 figures, accepted version