Simple juntas for shifted families
Abstract
We say that a family $\mathcal F$ of $k$element sets is a {\it $j$junta} if there is a set $J$ of size $j$ such that, for any $F$, its presence in $\mathcal F$ depends on its intersection with $J$ only. Approximating arbitrary families by $j$juntas with small $j$ is a recent powerful technique in extremal set theory. The weak point of all known junta approximation results is that they work in the range $n>Ck$, where $C$ is an extremely fast growing function of the input parameters, such as the quality of approximation or the number of families we simultaneously approximate. We say that a family $\mathcal F$ is {\it shifted} if for any $F=\{x_1,\ldots, x_k\}\in \mathcal F$ and any $G =\{y_1,\ldots, y_k\}$ such that $y_i\le x_i$, we have $G\in \mathcal F$. For many extremal set theory problems, including the Erd\H os Matching Conjecture, or the Complete $t$Intersection Theorem, it is sufficient to deal with shifted families only. In this paper, we present very general approximation by juntas results for shifted families with explicit (and essentially linear) dependency on the input parameters. The results are best possible up to some constant factors. Moreover, they give meaningful statements for almost all range of values of $n$. The proofs are shorter than the proofs of the previous approximation by juntas results and are completely selfcontained. As an application of our junta approximation, we give a nearlylinear bound for the multifamily version of the Erd\H os Matching Conjecture. More precisely, we prove the following result. Let $n\ge 12sk\log(e^2s)$ and suppose that the families $\mathcal F_1,\ldots, \mathcal F_s\subset {[n]\choose k}$ do not contain $F_1\in\mathcal F_1,\ldots, F_s\in \mathcal F_s$ such that $F_i$'s are pairwise disjoint. Then $\min_{i}\mathcal F_i\le {n\choose k}{ns+1\choose k}.$
 Publication:

arXiv eprints
 Pub Date:
 January 2019
 arXiv:
 arXiv:1901.03816
 Bibcode:
 2019arXiv190103816F
 Keywords:

 Mathematics  Combinatorics;
 Computer Science  Discrete Mathematics
 EPrint:
 doi:10.19086/da.14507