Constraining neutrino mass and dark energy with peculiar velocities and lensing dispersions of Type Ia supernovae
Abstract
We show that peculiar velocities of Type Ia supernovae can be used to derive constraints on the sum of neutrino masses, Σ m_{ν}, and dark energy equation of state, w =w_{0}+w_{a}(1 a ), from measurements of the magnituderedshift relation, complementary to galaxy redshift and weak lensing surveys. Light from a supernova propagates through a perturbed Universe so the luminosity distance is modified from its homogeneous prediction. This modification is proportional to the matter density fluctuation and its time derivative due to gravitational lensing and peculiar velocity respectively. At low redshifts, the peculiar velocity signal dominates while at high redshifts lensing does. We show that using lensing and peculiar velocity of supernovae from the upcoming surveys WFIRST and ZTF, without other observations, we can constrain Σ m_{ν}≲0.31 eV , σ (w_{0})≲0.02 , and σ (w_{a}) ≲0.18 (1  σ CL ) in the Σ m_{ν}w_{0}w_{a} parameter space, where all the other cosmological parameters are fixed. We find that adding peculiar velocity information from low redshifts shrinks the volume of the parameter ellipsoid in this space by ∼33 %. We also allow Ω_{CDM} to vary as well as Σ m_{ν},w_{0} and w_{a}, and demonstrate how these constraints degrade as a consequence.
 Publication:

Physical Review D
 Pub Date:
 September 2019
 DOI:
 10.1103/PhysRevD.100.063534
 arXiv:
 arXiv:1907.02328
 Bibcode:
 2019PhRvD.100f3534A
 Keywords:

 Astrophysics  Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics
 EPrint:
 7+1 pages, 6 figures