Surrogate model for an aligned-spin effective-one-body waveform model of binary neutron star inspirals using Gaussian process regression
Fast and accurate waveform models are necessary for measuring the properties of inspiraling binary neutron star systems such as GW170817. We present a frequency-domain surrogate version of the aligned-spin binary neutron star waveform model using the effective-one-body formalism known as SEOBNRv4T. This model includes the quadrupolar and octopolar adiabatic and dynamical tides. The version presented here is improved by the inclusion of the spin-induced quadrupole moment effect and completed by a prescription for tapering the end of the waveform to qualitatively reproduce numerical relativity simulations. The resulting model has 14 intrinsic parameters. We reduce its dimensionality by using universal relations that approximate all matter effects in terms of the leading quadrupolar tidal parameters. The implementation of the time-domain model can take up to an hour to evaluate using a starting frequency of 20 Hz, and this is too slow for many parameter estimation codes that require O (107) sequential waveform evaluations. We therefore construct a fast and faithful frequency-domain surrogate of this model using Gaussian process regression. The resulting surrogate has a maximum mismatch of 4.5 ×10-4 for the Advanced LIGO detector and requires ∼0.13 s to evaluate for a waveform with a starting frequency of 20 Hz. Finally, we perform an end-to-end test of the surrogate with a set of parameter estimation runs and find that the surrogate accurately recovers the parameters of injected waveforms.