Quantum metrology with generalized cat states
Abstract
We show a general relationship between a superposition of macroscopically distinct states and sensitivity in quantum metrology. Generalized cat states are defined by using an index which extracts the coherence between macroscopically distinct states, and a wide variety of states, including a classical mixture of an exponentially large number of states, has been identified as the generalized cat state with this criterion. We find that if we use the generalized cat states for magnetic field sensing without noise, the sensitivity achieves the Heisenberg scaling. More importantly, we even show that sensitivity of generalized cat states achieves the ultimate scaling sensitivity beyond the standard quantum limit under the effect of dephasing. As an example, we investigate the sensitivity of a generalized cat state that is attainable through a single global manipulation on a thermal equilibrium state and find an improvement of a few orders of magnitude from the previous sensors. Clarifying a wide class that includes such a peculiar state as metrologically useful, our results significantly broaden the potential of quantum metrology.
 Publication:

Physical Review A
 Pub Date:
 September 2019
 DOI:
 10.1103/PhysRevA.100.032318
 arXiv:
 arXiv:1902.01551
 Bibcode:
 2019PhRvA.100c2318T
 Keywords:

 Quantum Physics
 EPrint:
 11 pages, 2 figure