Modelling baryonic physics in future weak lensing surveys
Abstract
Modifications of the matter power spectrum due to baryonic physics are one of the major theoretical uncertainties in cosmological weak lensing measurements. Developing robust mitigation schemes for this source of systematic uncertainty increases the robustness of cosmological constraints, and may increase their precision if they enable the use of information from smaller scales. Here we explore the performance of two mitigation schemes for baryonic effects in weak lensing cosmic shear: the principal component analysis (PCA) method and the halomodel approach in HMCODE. We construct mock tomographic shear power spectra from four hydrodynamical simulations, and run simulated likelihood analyses with COSMOLIKE assuming LSSTlike survey statistics. With an angular scale cut of ℓ_{max} < 2000, both methods successfully remove the biases in cosmological parameters due to the various baryonic physics scenarios, with the PCA method causing less degradation in the parameter constraints than HMCODE. For a more aggressive ℓ_{max} = 5000, the PCA method performs well for all but one baryonic physics scenario, requiring additional training simulations to account for the extreme baryonic physics scenario of Illustris; HMCODE exhibits tensions in the 2D posterior distributions of cosmological parameters due to lack of freedom in describing the power spectrum for k > 10 h^{1} Mpc. We investigate variants of the PCA method and improve the bias mitigation through PCA by accounting for the noise properties in the data via Cholesky decomposition of the covariance matrix. Our improved PCA method allows us to retain more statistical constraining power while effectively mitigating baryonic uncertainties even for a broad range of baryonic physics scenarios.
 Publication:

Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
 Pub Date:
 September 2019
 DOI:
 10.1093/mnras/stz1714
 arXiv:
 arXiv:1809.01146
 Bibcode:
 2019MNRAS.488.1652H
 Keywords:

 cosmological parameters;
 cosmology: theory;
 largescale structure of Universe;
 Astrophysics  Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics
 EPrint:
 29 pages, 19 figures, accepted to MNRAS