Fast radio bursts and cosmological tests
Abstract
We consider future cosmological tests based on observations of fast radio bursts (FRBs). We use Illustris Simulation to realistically estimate the scatter in the dispersion measure (DM) of FRBs caused by the inhomogeneous distribution of ionized gas in the intergalactic medium. We find ∼13 per cent scatter in DM to a source at z = 1 and ∼7 per cent at z = 3 (1σ). The distribution of DM is close to Gaussian. We simulate samples of FRBs and examine their applicability to simple cosmological tests. Our calculations show that using a sample of 100 FRBs and fixing cosmological model one can find the redshift and sampleaveraged fraction of ionized gas with ∼1 per cent uncertainty. Finding the ionized fraction with ∼ 1 per cent accuracy at few different epochs would require ∼10^{4} FRBs with known redshifts. Because DM is proportional to the product of ionized fraction, baryon density, and the Hubble constant, it is impossible to constrain these parameters separately with FRBs. Constraints on cosmological densities are possible in a flat ΛCDM model but give uninterestingly low accuracy. Using FRBs with other type of data improves the constraints, but the role of FRBs is not crucial. Thus, constraints on the distribution of ionized gas are probably the most promising application of FRBs that allow for `tomography' if sources redshifts are known, as opposed to measuring τ_{e} or y parameters with cosmic microwave background observations.
 Publication:

Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
 Pub Date:
 April 2019
 DOI:
 10.1093/mnras/sty3529
 arXiv:
 arXiv:1812.11936
 Bibcode:
 2019MNRAS.484.1637J
 Keywords:

 cosmology: theory;
 radio continuum: transients;
 Astrophysics  Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics
 EPrint:
 8 pages, 5 figures, accepted by MNRAS