Separated variables and wave functions for rational g l (N ) spin chains in the companion twist frame
We propose a basis for rational g l (N ) spin chains in an arbitrary rectangular representation (SA) that factorises the Bethe vectors into products of Slater determinants in Baxter Q-functions. This basis is constructed by repeated action of fused transfer matrices on a suitable reference state. We prove that it diagonalises the so-called B-operator; hence, the operatorial roots of the latter are the separated variables. The spectrum of the separated variables is also explicitly computed, and it turns out to be labeled by Gelfand-Tsetlin patterns. Our approach utilises a special choice of the spin chain twist which substantially simplifies derivations.