Oscillons are spatially localised strong fluctuations of a scalar field. They can e.g. form after inflation when the scalar field potential is shallower than quadratic away from the minimum. Although oscillons are not protected by topology, they can be remarkably stable and have a significant impact on the (p)reheating phase. In this work we investigate the properties of oscillons in hilltop-shaped potentials, in particular the typical energies, shapes and lifetimes. In the first part of the paper, we simulate oscillon creation and stabilization with (3+1)-dimensional classical lattice simulations, and extract the typical energies, radii and amplitudes of the oscillons. In the second part we approximate the oscillons as spherically symmetric, and simulate single oscillons until their decay. We find that typical oscillons live up to about 104-105 field oscillations, with the individual lifetime of the oscillons depending mainly on the initial shape of the oscillon and the power-law coefficient characterising the particular hilltop model. We also observe a breathing mode in the oscillon radii and amplitudes, and find that stronger breathing implies shorter lifetimes.
Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics
- Pub Date:
- October 2019
- High Energy Physics - Phenomenology;
- Astrophysics - Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics;
- High Energy Physics - Theory
- 22 pages, 11 figures. Minor changes to match version published in JCAP