The author believes that the problems connected with the impact on the environment are very relevant, including the matters of the assessment of damage caused to it and the matters of the assessment of risk from this damage for the users of nature, as well as for the state institutes, which are carrying out control, for private and public organizations. The current situation in Russia is characterized by the need of introduction of new ecologic-and-economic concepts, such as ecological audit and revision of the role and value of old economic tools in the state policy. The scheme of ecological audit, its main directions in Russia at the level of the enterprise, regions and the country in general as well as within the international cooperation are considered in the article. At the same time, some problems connected with legislation shortcomings exist. Besides, the author emphasizes the inadmissibility to solve the environmental problems at the expense of detriment of economic interests, the need of balanced and reasonable decisions.