The utilization of activated carbon as micronutrients carrier in slow release fertilizer formulation
In many plantations, fertilizers were often added in high dosage and applied several times to get maximum productivity. But processes in soil caused not all nutrients in fertilizer could be uptaken by plants. Besides, the high dosage can be toxic to plants. The use of slow release fertilizer can overcome this case. This research was aimed to obtain the data of adsorptive capacity of activated charcoal to the nutrients mixed and gathering the information about nutrients release rate of fertilizer produced. The study was conducted by converting materials into activated charcoal. SRF was formulated by soaking fine activated charcoal CuSO4, FeSO4 or ZnSO4 solution for 24 hours. Analysis conducted were the observation of surface topography, qualitative analysis using EDX, and determination of total Cu, Fe and Zn in SRF. The optimal treatment was chosen to determine its release rate by extracting fertilizer with distilled water and 2% citric acid. The results showed the activated charcoal could be used to adsorb nutrients mixed as shown by SEM and EDX results. Nutrients in the charcoal could be released slowly and could not be easily leached out.
IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science
- Pub Date:
- October 2019