The Local Perspective on the Hubble Tension: Local Structure Does Not Impact Measurement of the Hubble Constant
Abstract
We use the largest sample to date of spectroscopic supernova (SN) Ia distances and redshifts to look for evidence in the Hubble diagram of largescale outflows caused by local voids suggested to exist at z < 0.15. Our sample combines data from the Pantheon sample with the Foundation survey, and the most recent release of light curves from the Carnegie Supernova Project, to create a sample of 1295 SNe over a redshift range of 0.01 < z < 2.26. We make use of an inhomogeneous and isotropic LemaitreTolmanBondi metric to model a void in the SN Ia distanceredshift relation. We conclude that the SN luminosity distanceredshift relation is inconsistent at the 45σ confidence level with large local underdensities ( δ  > 20 % , where the density contrast δ = Δρ/ρ) proposed in some galaxy count studies, and find no evidence of a change in the Hubble constant corresponding to a void with a sharp edge in the redshift range 0.023 < z < 0.15. With an empirical precision of {σ }_{{H}_{0}}=0.60 % , we conclude that the distance ladder measurement is not affected by local density contrasts, in agreement with a cosmic variance of {σ }_{{H}_{0}}=0.42 % , predicted from simulations of largescale structure. Given that uncertainty in the distance ladder value is {σ }_{{H}_{0}}=2.2 % , this does not affect the Hubble tension. We derive a 5σ constraint on local density contrasts on scales larger than 69 {Mpc} {h}^{1} of  δ  < 27 % . The presence of local structure does not appear to impede the possibility of measuring the Hubble constant to 1% precision.
 Publication:

The Astrophysical Journal
 Pub Date:
 April 2019
 DOI:
 10.3847/15384357/ab0ebf
 arXiv:
 arXiv:1901.08681
 Bibcode:
 2019ApJ...875..145K
 Keywords:

 cosmology: observations;
 distance scale;
 largescale structure of universe;
 supernovae: general;
 Astrophysics  Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics
 EPrint:
 16 pages, 6 figures, accepted by ApJ 3/10/19