The Araucaria project: High-precision orbital parallax and masses of eclipsing binaries from infrared interferometry
Context. The precise determinations of stellar mass at ≲1% provide important constraints on stellar evolution models. Accurate parallax measurements can also serve as independent benchmarks for the next Gaia data release.
Aims: We measured the masses and distance of binary systems with a precision level better than 1% using a fully geometrical and empirical method.
Methods: We obtained the first interferometric observations for the eclipsing systems AI Phe, AL Dor, KW Hya, NN Del, ψ Cen and V4090 Sgr with the VLTI/PIONIER combiner, which we combined with radial velocity measurements to derive their three-dimensional orbit, masses, and distance.
Results: We determined very precise stellar masses for all systems, ranging in precision from 0.04% to 3.3%. We combined these measurements with the stellar effective temperature and linear radius to fit stellar isochrones models and determined the age of the systems. We also derived the distance to the systems with a precision level of 0.4%.
Conclusions: The comparison of theoretical models with stellar parameters shows that stellar models are still deficient in simultaneously fitting the stellar parameters (Teff, R and M) with this level of precision on individual masses. This stresses the importance of precisely measuring the stellar parameters to better calibrate stellar evolution models. The precision of our model-independent orbital parallaxes varies from 24 μas as to 70 μas and the parallaxes provide a unique opportunity to verify whether the future Gaia measurements have systematic errors.
Astronomy and Astrophysics
- Pub Date:
- December 2019
- stars: fundamental parameters;
- instrumentation: high angular resolution;
- techniques: interferometric;
- techniques: spectroscopic;
- binaries : close;
- binaries: eclipsing;
- Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics
- Accepted for publication in A&