Context. Observations of the Mg II h and k lines in solar prominences with IRIS reveal a wide range of line shapes from simple non-reversed profiles to typical double-peaked reversed profiles, and with many other possible complex line shapes. The physical conditions responsible for this variety are not well understood.
Aims: Our aim is to understand how physical conditions inside a prominence slab influence shapes and properties of emergent Mg II line profiles.
Methods: We compute the spectrum of Mg II lines using a one-dimensional non-LTE radiative transfer code for two large grids of model atmospheres (isothermal isobaric, and with a transition region).
Results: The influence of the plasma parameters on the emergent spectrum is discussed in detail. Our results agree with previous studies. We present several dependencies between observables and prominence parameters which will help with the interpretation of observations. A comparison with known limits of observed line parameters suggests that most observed prominences emitting in Mg II h and k lines are cold, low-pressure, and optically thick structures. Our results indicate that there are good correlations between the Mg II k line intensities and the intensities of hydrogen lines, and the emission measure.
Conclusions: One-dimensional non-LTE radiative transfer codes allow us to understand the main characteristics of the Mg II h and k line profiles in solar prominences, but more advanced codes will be necessary for detailed comparisons.
Astronomy and Astrophysics
- Pub Date:
- May 2019
- Sun: filaments;
- line: profiles;
- radiative transfer;
- Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics
- To appear in Astronomy &