Exploring the multiphase medium in MKW 08: from the central active galaxy up to cluster scales
Context. The study of the brightest cluster galaxy (BCG) coronae embedded in noncool core (NCC) galaxy clusters is crucial to understand the BCG's role in galaxy cluster evolution as well as the activation of the self-regulated cooling and heating mechanism in the central regions of galaxy clusters.
Aims: We explore the X-ray properties of the intracluster medium (ICM) of the NCC galaxy cluster MKW 08 and the BCG corona, along with their interface region. With recent and deep archival Chandra observations, we study the BCG corona in detail, and with archival XMM-Newton observations, we investigate the implications of the central active galactic nuclei (AGN) on the BCG.
Methods: We carry out imaging and spectral analyses of MKW 08 with archival XMM-Newton and Chandra X-ray observations.
Results: Our spectral analysis suggests the presence of a central AGN by a power-law with a photon index of Γ ≃ 1.8 at the core of its BCG. Although the ICM does not exhibit a cluster scale cool core, the BCG manifests itself as a mini cool core characterized by a cooling time as short as 64 Myr at r = 3 kpc centered at the galaxy. The isothermality of the BCG corona seems to favor mechanical feedback from the central AGN as the major source of gas heating. The gas pressure profile of this mini cool core suggests that the BCG coronal gas reaches pressure equilibrium with the hotter and less dense ICM inside an interface of nearly constant pressure, delimited by radii 4 ≤ r ≤ 10 kpc at the galactic center. As revealed by the presence of a metal enriched tail (Z ≃ 0.5-0.9 Z⊙) extending up to 40 kpc, the BCG corona seems to be experiencing ram-pressure stripping by the surrounding ICM and/or interacting with a nearby galaxy, IC 1042.
Astronomy and Astrophysics
- Pub Date:
- September 2019
- X-rays: galaxies: clusters;
- galaxies: individual: NGC 5718;
- galaxies: clusters: individual: MKW 08;
- galaxies: clusters: intracluster medium;
- Astrophysics - High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena
- Accepted for publication in Astronomy &