Magnetic field estimates from the X-ray synchrotron emitting rims of the 30 Dor C superbubble and the implications for the nature of 30 Dor C's TeV emission
Context. The 30 Dor C superbubble is unique for its synchrotron X-ray shell, as well as being the first superbubble to be detected in TeV γ-rays, though which is the dominant TeV emission mechanism, leptonic or hadronic, is still unclear.
Aims: We aim to use new Chandra observations of 30 Dor C to resolve the synchrotron shell in unprecedented detail and to estimate the magnetic (B) field in the postshock region, a key discriminator between TeV γ-ray emission mechanisms.
Methods: We extracted radial profiles in the 1.5-8 keV range from various sectors around the synchrotron shell and fitted these with a projected and point spread function convolved postshock volumetric emissivity model to determine the filament widths. We then calculated the postshock magnetic field strength from these widths.
Results: We find that most of the sectors were well fitted with our postshock model and the determined B-field values were low, all with best fits ≲20 μG. Upper limits on the confidence intervals of three sectors reached ≳30 μG though these were poorly constrained. The generally low B-field values suggests a leptonic-dominated origin for the TeV γ-rays. Our postshock model did not provide adequate fits to two sectors. We find that one sector simply did not provide a clean enough radial profile, while the other could be fitted with a modified postshock model where the projected profile falls off abruptly below 0.8 times the shell radius, yielding a postshock B-field of 4.8 (3.7-11.8) μG which is again consistent with the leptonic TeV γ-ray mechanism. Alternatively, the observed profiles in these sectors could result from synchrotron enhancements around a shock-cloud interaction as suggested in previous works.
Conclusions: The average postshock B-field determined around the X-ray synchrotron shell of 30 Dor C suggests the leptonic scenario as the dominant emission mechanism for the TeV γ-rays.
Astronomy and Astrophysics
- Pub Date:
- January 2019
- ISM: supernova remnants;
- ISM: bubbles;
- Magellanic Clouds;
- X-rays: ISM;
- ISM: magnetic fields;
- Astrophysics - High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena
- 16 pages, 14 figures, accepted for publication in Astronomy &