Triangular Ising antiferromagnet through a fermionic lens, part 1: free energy, zero-temperature phases and spin-spin correlation
We develop a fermionic formulation of the triangular lattice Ising antiferromagnet (TIAFM) which is both calculationally convenient and intuitively appealing to imaginations steeped in conventional condensed matter physics. It is used to elucidate a variety of aspects of zero-temperature models. Cylindrical systems possess multiple "phases" distinguished by the number of circumferential satisfied bonds and by entropy density. On the plane, phases are labelled by densities of satisfied bonds of two different orientations. A local particle (semi)conservation law in the fermionic picture lies behind both these features as well as the classic power-law falloff of the spin-spin correlation function, which is also derived from the fermionic perspective.