Branching Processes  A General Concept
Abstract
The paper has four goals. First, we want to generalize the classical concept of the branching property so that it becomes applicable for historical and genealogical processes (using the coding of genealogies by ($V$marked) ultrametric measure spaces leading to state spaces $\mathbb{U}$ resp. $\mathbb{U}^V$). The processes are defined by wellposed martingale problems. In particular we want to complement the corresponding concept of infinite divisibility developed in \cite{infdiv} for this context. Second one of the two main points, we want to find a corresponding characterization of the generators of branching processes more precisely their martingale problems which is both easy to apply and general enough to cover a wide range of state spaces. As a third goal we want to obtain the branching property of the $\mathbb{U}$valued Feller diffusion respectively $\mathbb{U}^V$valued super random walk and the historical process on countable geographic spaces the latter as two examples of a whole zoo of spatial processes we could treat. The fourth goal is to show the robustness of the method and to get the branching property for genealogies marked with ancestral path, giving the line of descent moving through the ancestors and space, leading to pathmarked ultrametric measure spaces. This processes are constructed here giving our second major result. The starting point for all four points is the Feller diffusion model, the final goal the (historical) super random walk model.
 Publication:

arXiv eprints
 Pub Date:
 July 2018
 arXiv:
 arXiv:1807.01921
 Bibcode:
 2018arXiv180701921G
 Keywords:

 Mathematics  Probability;
 60J80