On k11representable graphs
Abstract
Distinct letters $x$ and $y$ alternate in a word $w$ if after deleting in $w$ all letters but the copies of $x$ and $y$ we either obtain a word of the form $xyxy\cdots$ (of even or odd length) or a word of the form $yxyx\cdots$ (of even or odd length). A simple graph $G=(V,E)$ is wordrepresentable if there exists a word $w$ over the alphabet $V$ such that letters $x$ and $y$ alternate in $w$ if and only if $xy$ is an edge in $E$. Thus, edges of $G$ are defined by avoiding the consecutive pattern 11 in a word representing $G$, that is, by avoiding $xx$ and $yy$. In 2017, Jeff Remmel has introduced the notion of a $k$$11$representable graph for a nonnegative integer $k$, which generalizes the notion of a wordrepresentable graph. Under this representation, edges of $G$ are defined by containing at most $k$ occurrences of the consecutive pattern $11$ in a word representing $G$. Thus, wordrepresentable graphs are precisely $0$$11$representable graphs. Our key result in this paper is showing that any graph is $2$$11$representable by a concatenation of permutations, which is rather surprising taking into account that concatenation of permutations has limited power in the case of $0$$11$representation. Also, we show that the class of wordrepresentable graphs, studied intensively in the literature, is contained strictly in the class of $1$$11$representable graphs. Another result that we prove is the fact that the class of interval graphs is precisely the class of $1$$11$representable graphs that can be represented by uniform words containing two copies of each letter. This result can be compared with the known fact that the class of circle graphs is precisely the class of $0$$11$representable graphs that can be represented by uniform words containing two copies of each letter.
 Publication:

arXiv eprints
 Pub Date:
 March 2018
 arXiv:
 arXiv:1803.01055
 Bibcode:
 2018arXiv180301055C
 Keywords:

 Mathematics  Combinatorics;
 05C62;
 68R15
 EPrint:
 A key result on 211representability of any graph was added