Can a Fingerprint be Modelled by a Differential Equation ?
Abstract
Some new directions to lay a rigorous mathematical foundation for the phaseportraitbased modelling of fingerprints are discussed in the present work. Couched in the language of dynamical systems, and preparing to a preliminary modelling, a backtobasics analogy between Poincaré's categories of equilibria of planar differential systems and the basic fingerprint singularities according to PurkyněGalton's standards is first investigated. Then, the problem of the global representation of a fingerprint's flowlike pattern as a smooth deformation of the phase portrait of a differential system is addressed. Unlike visualisation in fluid dynamics, where similarity between integral curves of smooth vector fields and flow streamline patterns is eyecatching, the case of an oriented texture like a fingerprint's stream of ridges proved to be a hard problem since, on the one hand, not all fingerprint singularities and nearby orientational behaviour can be modelled by canonical phase portraits on the plane, and on the other hand, even if it were the case, this should lead to a perplexing geometrical problem of connecting local phase portraits, a question which will be formulated within Poincaré's index theory and addressed via a normal form approach as a bivariate Hermite interpolation problem. To a certain extent, the material presented herein is selfcontained and provides a baseline for future work where, starting from a normal form as a source image, a transport via large deformation flows is envisaged to match the fingerprint as a target image.
 Publication:

arXiv eprints
 Pub Date:
 February 2018
 arXiv:
 arXiv:1802.05671
 Bibcode:
 2018arXiv180205671Z
 Keywords:

 Mathematics  Dynamical Systems
 EPrint:
 When Francis Galton meets Henri Poincar\'e !