The Conley index for discrete dynamical systems and the mapping torus
Abstract
The Conley index for flows is a topological invariant describing the behavior around an isolated invariant set $S$. It is defined as the homotopy type of a quotient space $N/L$, where $(N,L)$ is an index pair for $S$. In the case of a discrete dynamical system, i.e., a continuous selfmap $f\colon X\to X$, the definition is similar. But one needs to consider the index map $f_{(N,L)}\colon N/L\to N/L$ induced by $f$. The Conley index in this situation is defined as the homotopy class $[f_{(N,L)}]$ modulo shift equivalence. The shift equivalence relation is rarely used outside this context and not well understood in general. For practical purposes like numerical computations, one needs to use weaker algebraic invariants for distinguishing Conley indices, usually homology. Here we consider a topological invariant: the homotopy type of the mapping torus of the index map $f_{(N,L)}$. Using a homotopy type offers new ways for comparing Conley indices  theoretically and numerically. We present some basic properties and examples, compare it to the definition via shift equivalence and sketch an idea for its construction using rigorous numerics.
 Publication:

arXiv eprints
 Pub Date:
 January 2018
 arXiv:
 arXiv:1801.06403
 Bibcode:
 2018arXiv180106403W
 Keywords:

 Mathematics  Dynamical Systems;
 Mathematics  Algebraic Topology;
 37B30