Sums of Kloosterman sums over primes in an arithmetic progression
Abstract
For $q$ prime, $X \geq 1$ and coprime $u,v \in \mathbb{N}$ we estimate the sums \begin{equation*} \sum_{\substack{p \leq X \substack p \equiv u \hspace{0.25cm} \mod{v} p \text{ prime}}} \text{Kl}_2(p;q), \end{equation*} where $\text{Kl}_2(p;q)$ denotes a normalised Kloosterman sum with modulus $q$. This is a sparse analogue of a recent theorem due to Blomer, Fouvry, Kowalski, Michel and Milićević showing cancellation amongst sums of Kloosterman sums over primes in short intervals. We use an optimisation argument inspired by Fouvry, Kowalski and Michel. Our argument compares three different bounds for bilinear forms involving Kloosterman sums. The first input in this method is a bilinear bound we prove using uniform asymptotics for oscillatory integrals due to Kiral, Petrow and Young. In contrast with the case when the sum runs over all primes, we exploit cancellation over a sum of stationary phase integrals that result from a Voronoi type summation. The second and third inputs are deep bilinear bounds for Kloosterman sums due to FouvryKowalskiMichel and KowalskiMichelSawin.
 Publication:

arXiv eprints
 Pub Date:
 January 2018
 arXiv:
 arXiv:1801.05880
 Bibcode:
 2018arXiv180105880D
 Keywords:

 Mathematics  Number Theory
 EPrint:
 19 pages. Minor corrections and improved exposition throughout