The cycle structure of unicritical polynomials
Abstract
A polynomial with integer coefficients yields a family of dynamical systems indexed by primes as follows: for any prime $p$, reduce its coefficients mod $p$ and consider its action on the field $\mathbb{F}_p$. The questions of whether and in what sense these families are random have been studied extensively, spurred in part by Pollard's famous "rho" algorithm for integer factorization (the heuristic justification of which is the randomness of one such family). However, the cycle structure of these families cannot be random, since in any such family, the number of cycles of a fixed length in any dynamical system in the family is bounded. In this paper, we show that the cycle statistics of many of these families are as random as possible. As a corollary, we show that most members of these families have many cycles, addressing a conjecture of Mans et. al.
 Publication:

arXiv eprints
 Pub Date:
 January 2018
 DOI:
 10.48550/arXiv.1801.03215
 arXiv:
 arXiv:1801.03215
 Bibcode:
 2018arXiv180103215B
 Keywords:

 Mathematics  Dynamical Systems;
 Mathematics  Number Theory;
 37P05 (Primary);
 37P25;
 11R32;
 20B35 (Secondary)
 EPrint:
 19 pages, minor typos corrected