Optimal Morphs of Planar Orthogonal Drawings
Abstract
We describe an algorithm that morphs between two planar orthogonal drawings $\Gamma_I$ and $\Gamma_O$ of a connected graph $G$, while preserving planarity and orthogonality. Necessarily $\Gamma_I$ and $\Gamma_O$ share the same combinatorial embedding. Our morph uses a linear number of linear morphs (linear interpolations between two drawings) and preserves linear complexity throughout the process, thereby answering an open question from Biedl et al. Our algorithm first unifies the two drawings to ensure an equal number of (virtual) bends on each edge. We then interpret bends as vertices which form obstacles for socalled wires: horizontal and vertical lines separating the vertices of $\Gamma_O$. We can find corresponding wires in $\Gamma_I$ that share topological properties with the wires in $\Gamma_O$. The structural difference between the two drawings can be captured by the spirality of the wires in $\Gamma_I$, which guides our morph from $\Gamma_I$ to $\Gamma_O$.
 Publication:

arXiv eprints
 Pub Date:
 January 2018
 arXiv:
 arXiv:1801.02455
 Bibcode:
 2018arXiv180102455V
 Keywords:

 Computer Science  Computational Geometry