Multipartite Quantum Correlations: Symplectic and Algebraic Geometry Approach
Abstract
We review a geometric approach to classification and examination of quantum correlations in composite systems. Since quantum information tasks are usually achieved by manipulating spin and alike systems or, in general, systems with a finite number of energy levels, classification problems are usually treated in frames of linear algebra. We proposed to shift the attention to a geometric description. Treating consistently quantum states as points of a projective space rather than as vectors in a Hilbert space we were able to apply powerful methods of differential, symplectic and algebraic geometry to attack the problem of equivalence of states with respect to the strength of correlations, or, in other words, to classify them from this point of view. Such classifications are interpreted as an identification of states with 'the same correlations properties', i.e. ones that can be used for the same information purposes, or, from yet another point of view, states that can be mutually transformed one to another by specific, experimentally accessible operations. It is clear that the latter characterization answers the fundamental question 'what can be transformed into what via available means?'. Exactly such an interpretation, i.e. in terms of mutual transformability, can be clearly formulated in terms of actions of specific groups on the space of states and is the starting point for the proposed methods.
 Publication:

Reports on Mathematical Physics
 Pub Date:
 August 2018
 DOI:
 10.1016/S00344877(18)300727
 arXiv:
 arXiv:1701.03536
 Bibcode:
 2018RpMP...82...81S
 Keywords:

 quantum entanglement;
 reduced density matrices;
 momentum map;
 entanglement polytopes;
 symplectic reduction;
 invariant polynomials;
 null cone;
 Quantum Physics;
 Mathematical Physics
 EPrint:
 29 pages, 9 figures, 2 tables, final form submitted to the journal