Neutrino mass priors for cosmology from random matrices
Abstract
Cosmological measurements of structure are placing increasingly strong constraints on the sum of the neutrino masses, Σ m_{ν}, through Bayesian inference. Because these constraints depend on the choice for the prior probability π (Σ m_{ν}), we argue that this prior should be motivated by fundamental physical principles rather than the ad hoc choices that are common in the literature. The first step in this direction is to specify the prior directly at the level of the neutrino mass matrix M_{ν}, since this is the parameter appearing in the Lagrangian of the particle physics theory. Thus by specifying a probability distribution over M_{ν}, and by including the known squared mass splittings, we predict a theoretical probability distribution over Σ m_{ν} that we interpret as a Bayesian prior probability π (Σ m_{ν}). Assuming a basisinvariant probability distribution on M_{ν}, also known as the anarchy hypothesis, we find that π (Σ m_{ν}) peaks close to the smallest Σ m_{ν} allowed by the measured mass splittings, roughly 0.06 eV (0.1 eV) for normal (inverted) ordering, due to the phenomenon of eigenvalue repulsion in random matrices. We consider three models for neutrino mass generation: Dirac, Majorana, and Majorana via the seesaw mechanism; differences in the predicted priors π (Σ m_{ν}) allow for the possibility of having indications about the physical origin of neutrino masses once sufficient experimental sensitivity is achieved. We present fitting functions for π (Σ m_{ν}), which provide a simple means for applying these priors to cosmological constraints on the neutrino masses or marginalizing over their impact on other cosmological parameters.
 Publication:

Physical Review D
 Pub Date:
 February 2018
 DOI:
 10.1103/PhysRevD.97.043510
 arXiv:
 arXiv:1711.08434
 Bibcode:
 2018PhRvD..97d3510L
 Keywords:

 Astrophysics  Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics;
 High Energy Physics  Phenomenology;
 High Energy Physics  Theory
 EPrint:
 16+2 pages, two column, 8 figures, 2 tables