Obtaining high-quality draft genomes from uncultured microbes by cleaning and co-assembly of single-cell amplified genomes
Single-cell genomics is a straightforward approach to obtain genomes from uncultured microbes. However, sequence reads from a single-cell amplified genome (SAG) contain significant bias and chimeric sequences. Here, we describe Cleaning and Co-assembly of a Single-Cell Amplified Genome (ccSAG), a novel analytical workflow to obtain composite single-cell genomes with elimination of sequence errors. By the integration of ccSAG with a massively parallel single-cell genome amplification platform based on droplet microfluidics, we can generate multiple SAGs and effectively integrate them into the composite genomes quality equivalent to the data obtained from bulk DNA. We obtained two novel draft genomes from single gut microbial cells with high completeness (>96.6%) and extremely low contamination (<1.25%). Moreover, we revealed the presence of single nucleotide polymorphisms in the specific gene by sequence comparison at the single-cell level. Thus, the workflow yields near-complete genomes from uncultured microbes, and enables analyses of genetic heterogeneity within identical strains.