Topological Defects in Helical Magnets
Abstract
Helical magnets which violated space inversion symmetry have rather peculiar topological defects. In isotropic helical magnets with exchange and DzyaloshinskiiMoriya interactions, there are only three types of linear defects: ±π and 2πdisclinations. Weak crystal anysotropy suppresses linear defects on large scale. Instead, planar defects appear: domain walls that separate domains with different preferential directions of helical wavevectors. The appearance of such domain walls in the bulk helical magnets and some of their properties were predicted in the work [1]. In a recent work by an international team of experimenters and theorists [2], the existence of new types of domain walls on crystal faces of helical magnet FeGe was discovered. They have many features predicted by theory [1], but display also unexpected properties, one of them is the possibility of arbitrary angle between helical wavevectors. Depending on this angle, the domain walls observed in [2] can be divided in two classes: smooth and zigzag. This article contains a minireview of the existing theory and experiment. It also contains new results that explain why in a system with continuous orientation of helical wavevectors domain walls are possible. We discuss why and at what conditions smooth and zigzag domain walls appear, analyze spin textures associated with helical domain walls, and find the dependence of their width on the angle between helical wavevectors.
 Publication:

Soviet Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Physics
 Pub Date:
 November 2018
 DOI:
 10.1134/S106377611811016X
 arXiv:
 arXiv:1810.00626
 Bibcode:
 2018JETP..127..922N
 Keywords:

 Condensed Matter  Mesoscale and Nanoscale Physics;
 Condensed Matter  Other Condensed Matter
 EPrint:
 10 pages, 6 figures, in press, JETP, November(2018)