Synthesis of instrumentally and historically recorded earthquakes and studying their spatial statistical relationship (A case study: Dasht-e-Biaz, Eastern Iran)
Earthquake catalogues are the main source of statistical seismology for the long term studies of earthquake occurrence. Therefore, studying the spatiotemporal problems is important to reduce the related uncertainties in statistical seismology studies. A statistical tool, time normalization method, has been determined to revise time-frequency relationship in one of the most active regions of Asia, Eastern Iran and West of Afghanistan, (a and b were calculated around 8.84 and 1.99 in the exponential scale, not logarithmic scale). Geostatistical simulation method has been further utilized to reduce the uncertainties in the spatial domain. A geostatistical simulation produces a representative, synthetic catalogue with 5361 events to reduce spatial uncertainties. The synthetic database is classified using a Geographical Information System, GIS, based on simulated magnitudes to reveal the underlying seismicity patterns. Although some regions with highly seismicity correspond to known faults, significantly, as far as seismic patterns are concerned, the new method highlights possible locations of interest that have not been previously identified. It also reveals some previously unrecognized lineation and clusters in likely future strain release.