An Adjustable Chance-Constrained Approach for Flexible Ramping Capacity Allocation
With the fast growth of wind power penetration, power systems need additional flexibility to cope with wind power ramping. Several electricity markets have established requirements for flexible ramping capacity (FRC) reserves. This paper addresses two crucial issues that have rarely been discussed in the literature: 1) how to characterize wind power ramping under different forecast values and 2) how to achieve a reasonable trade-off between operational risks and FRC costs. Regarding the first issue, this paper proposes a concept of conditional distributions of wind power ramping, which is empirically verified by using simulation and real-world data. For the second issue, this paper develops an adjustable chance-constrained approach to optimally allocate FRC reserves. Equivalent tractable forms of the original problem are devised to improve computational efficiency. Tests carried out on a modified IEEE 118-bus system demonstrate the effectiveness and efficiency of the proposed method.
IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy
- Pub Date:
- October 2018
- Physics - Physics and Society;
- Computer Science - Systems and Control