The Hubble constant is a key cosmological parameter that sets the present-day expansion rate as well as the age, size, and critical density of the Universe. Intriguingly, there is currently a tension in the measurements of its value in the standard flat ΛCDM model - observations of the Cosmic Microwave Background with the Planck satellite lead to a value of the Hubble constant that is lower than the measurements from the local Cepheids-supernovae distance ladder and strong gravitational lensing. Precise and accurate Hubble constant measurements from independent probes, including water masers, are necessary to assess the significance of this tension and the possible need of new physics beyond the current standard cosmological model. We present the progress toward an accurate Hubble constant determination.
Astrophysical Masers: Unlocking the Mysteries of the Universe
- Pub Date:
- August 2018
- gravitational lensing;
- (cosmology:) cosmic microwave background;
- (cosmology:) cosmological parameters;
- (cosmology:) distance scale