The subject of investigation in this project is a Be spectral type giant variable star EM Cep. It was established that the star has a double nature: 1. when emission lines are seen in its spectrum and 2. when only absorption lines are observable and emission lines are not seen. This means that the star is not always in Be state. Be state continues existing during a few months. EM Cep shows flare activity too. The causes of photometric and spectral variability are to be established. The existence of different mechanisms, which provokes Be phenomenon, is possible. The character of light curves' variability gives us possibility to propose that it is not excluded that the star could be a short-period Cepheid of λ Eri type. However, we do not have sufficient data to exclude its binarity. On the basis of the observations carried out at Abastumani observatory, the light curve with two minima and two maxima were revealed, but these data, too accord with the half-period - we can also consider a light curve with one minimum and one maximum. Both cases suggest a good agreement with the characters of variability. For the case of binarity in Abastumani observatory, a set of orbital elements by using the Wilson-Devinney code is already obtained. The elements correspond to the model of acceptable, real close binary star. However, notwithstanding this situation, the true nature of the star is not established for the moment. To solve this problem, we need to get high-resolution spectral data, when by using radial velocity curves, it would be possible to answer the question of binarity of the star. It is not excluded to reveal spectral lines of the second component in case of binarity of the star. Since 2014, we have renewed UBVRI photometric observations of EM Cep in Abastumani using a 48-cm telescope with CCD device. Spectral observations are made in Azerbaijan, Shamakhy Observatory. Our German Colleagues have been observing the star since March of 2017 at the Observatory of the Jena University. We plan to carry out a joint analysis of the observations of the three observatories to explain the observational peculiarities of the star.
Astronomy & Astrophysics (Caucasus)
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