Nonnegative matrix factorization (NMF) is a powerful tool for data mining. However, the emergence of `big data' has severely challenged our ability to compute this fundamental decomposition using deterministic algorithms. This paper presents a randomized hierarchical alternating least squares (HALS) algorithm to compute the NMF. By deriving a smaller matrix from the nonnegative input data, a more efficient nonnegative decomposition can be computed. Our algorithm scales to big data applications while attaining a near-optimal factorization. The proposed algorithm is evaluated using synthetic and real world data and shows substantial speedups compared to deterministic HALS.