Recently, it is shown that each regular homogeneous Finsler space $M$ admits at least one homogeneous geodesic through any point $o\in M$. The purpose of this article is to study the existence of homogeneous geodesics on singular homogeneous $(\alpha,\beta)$-spaces, specially, homogeneous Kropina spaces. We show that any homogeneous Kropina space admits at least one homogeneous geodesic through any point. It is shown that, under some conditions, the same result is true for any $(\alpha,\beta)$-homogeneous space. Also, in the case of homogeneous Kropina space of Douglas type, a necessary and sufficient condition for a vector to be a geodesic vector is given. Finally, as an example, homogeneous geodesics of $3$-dimensional non-unimodular real Lie groups equipped with a left invariant Randers metric of Douglas type are investigated.