In the class of metrics of a generic conformal structure there exists a distinguishing metric. This was noticed by Albert Einstein in a lesser-known paper of 1921 (Berl. Ber., 1921, pp. 261-264). We explore this finding from a geometrical point of view. Then, we obtain a family of scalar conformal invariants of weight 0 for generic pseudo-Riemannian conformal structures $[g]$ in more than three dimensions. In particular, we define the conformal scalar curvature of $[g]$ and calculate it for some well-known conformal spacetimes, comparing the results with the Ricci scalar and the Kretschmann scalar. In the cited paper, Einstein also announced that it is possible to add an scalar equation to the field equations of General Relativity.
- Pub Date:
- September 2017
- Mathematics - Differential Geometry;
- General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology;
- This work was presented for the first time at the Spanish-Portuguese Relativity Meeting - EREP 2017 held in M\'alaga (Spain), 12-15 September 2017. 5 pages, 1 table