On strongly anisotropic type II blow up
Abstract
We consider the energy super critical $d+1$ dimensional semilinear heat equation $$\partial_tu=\Delta u+u^{p}, \ \ x\in \Bbb R^{d+1}, \ \ p\geq 3, \ d\geq 14.$$ A fundamental open problem on this canonical nonlinear model is to understand the possible blow up profiles appearing after renormalization of a singularity. We exhibit in this paper a new scenario corresponding to the first example of strongly anisotropic blow up bubble: the solution displays a completely different behaviour depending on the considered direction in space. A fundamental step of the analysis is to solve the {\it reconnection problem} in order to produce finite energy solutions which is the heart of the matter. The corresponding anistropic mechanism is expected to be of fundamental importance in other settings in particular in fluid mechanics. The proof relies on a new functional framework for the construction and stabilization of type II bubbles in the parabolic setting using energy estimates only, and allows us to exhibit new unexpected blow up speeds.
 Publication:

arXiv eprints
 Pub Date:
 September 2017
 arXiv:
 arXiv:1709.04941
 Bibcode:
 2017arXiv170904941C
 Keywords:

 Mathematics  Analysis of PDEs