Fully discrete finite element data assimilation method for the heat equation
Abstract
We consider a finite element discretization for the reconstruction of the final state of the heat equation, when the initial data is unknown, but additional data is given in a sub domain in the space time. For the discretization in space we consider standard continuous affine finite element approximation, and the time derivative is discretized using a backward differentiation. We regularize the discrete system by adding a penalty of the $H^1$seminorm of the initial data, scaled with the meshparameter. The analysis of the method uses techniques developed in E. Burman and L. Oksanen, Data assimilation for the heat equation using stabilized finite element methods, arXiv, 2016, combining discrete stability of the numerical method with sharp Carleman estimates for the physical problem, to derive optimal error estimates for the approximate solution. For the natural space time energy norm, away from $t=0$, the convergence is the same as for the classical problem with known initial data, but contrary to the classical case, we do not obtain faster convergence for the $L^2$norm at the final time.
 Publication:

arXiv eprints
 Pub Date:
 July 2017
 DOI:
 10.48550/arXiv.1707.06908
 arXiv:
 arXiv:1707.06908
 Bibcode:
 2017arXiv170706908B
 Keywords:

 Mathematics  Numerical Analysis;
 65M32;
 65M12