Crystallization of random matrix orbits
Abstract
Three operations on eigenvalues of real/complex/quaternion (corresponding to $\beta=1,2,4$) matrices, obtained from cutting out principal corners, adding, and multiplying matrices can be extrapolated to general values of $\beta>0$ through associated special functions. We show that $\beta\to\infty$ limit for these operations leads to the finite free projection, additive convolution, and multiplicative convolution, respectively. The limit is the most transparent for cutting out the corners, where the joint distribution of the eigenvalues of principal corners of a uniformlyrandom general $\beta$ selfadjoint matrix with fixed eigenvalues is known as $\beta$corners process. We show that as $\beta\to\infty$ these eigenvalues crystallize on the irregular lattice of all the roots of derivatives of a single polynomial. In the second order, we observe a version of the discrete Gaussian Free Field (dGFF) put on top of this lattice, which provides a new explanation of why the (continuous) Gaussian Free Field governs the global asymptotics of random matrix ensembles.
 Publication:

arXiv eprints
 Pub Date:
 June 2017
 DOI:
 10.48550/arXiv.1706.07393
 arXiv:
 arXiv:1706.07393
 Bibcode:
 2017arXiv170607393G
 Keywords:

 Mathematics  Probability;
 Mathematical Physics;
 Mathematics  Combinatorics;
 Mathematics  Representation Theory
 EPrint:
 25 pages. v2: misprints corrected, to appear in IMRN