Using parametric analysis (curve fitting) we find a persistent temperature bump, coincident with World War II (WW2), in eight independent time series, four land- and four ocean-based. We fit the data with a Gaussian on a quadratic background. Six parameters (constant, linear and quadratic background terms and the amplitude, position and width of the Gaussian) are free to vary. The mean fitted Gaussian amplitude is 0.339$\pm$ 0.065$\,^\circ$C, non-zero by 5.2$\sigma$ and therefore not accidental. The area is 2.0$\pm$0.5$\,^\circ$C yr. Temperature recovered to baseline rather quickly. Rather than coincidence, or systematic measuring error synchronized with WW2, we conjecture the bump is due to human activity, including the greatly increased combustion (relative to that era) of fossil and other fuels. Background surface temperature behavior, a byproduct of our study but largely independent of the WW2 bump, is far more consequential nowadays. The linear term, 0.747$\pm$0.023$\,^\circ$C/century, agrees well with other findings, but the present-day rate of increase, $\approx$2.5$\,^\circ$C/century, is far greater because of the quadratic term.