Distributed Unknown-Input-Observers for Cyber Attack Detection and Isolation in Formation Flying UAVs
In this paper, cyber attack detection and isolation is studied on a network of UAVs in a formation flying setup. As the UAVs communicate to reach consensus on their states while making the formation, the communication network among the UAVs makes them vulnerable to a potential attack from malicious adversaries. Two types of attacks pertinent to a network of UAVs have been considered: a node attack on the UAVs and a deception attack on the communication between the UAVs. UAVs formation control presented using a consensus algorithm to reach a pre-specified formation. A node and a communication path deception cyber attacks on the UAV's network are considered with their respective models in the formation setup. For these cyber attacks detection, a bank of Unknown Input Observer (UIO) based distributed fault detection scheme proposed to detect and identify the compromised UAV in the formation. A rule based on the residuals generated using the bank of UIOs are used to detect attacks and identify the compromised UAV in the formation. Further, an algorithm developed to remove the faulty UAV from the network once an attack detected and the compromised UAV isolated while maintaining the formation flight with a missing UAV node.