The role of cosmology in modern physics
Abstract
Subject of this article is the relationship between modern cosmology and fundamental physics, in particular general relativity as a theory of gravity on one side, together with its unique application in cosmology, and the formation of structures and their statistics on the other. It summarises arguments for the formulation for a metric theory of gravity and the uniqueness of the construction of general relativity. It discusses symmetry arguments in the construction of FriedmannLemaître cosmologies as well as assumptions in relation to the presence of dark matter, when adopting general relativity as the gravitational theory. A large section is dedicated to $\Lambda$CDM as the standard model for structure formation and the arguments that led to its construction, and to the of role statistics and to the problem of scientific inference in cosmology as an empirical science. The article concludes with an outlook on current and future developments in cosmology.
 Publication:

arXiv eprints
 Pub Date:
 January 2017
 arXiv:
 arXiv:1701.04469
 Bibcode:
 2017arXiv170104469S
 Keywords:

 Physics  History and Philosophy of Physics;
 Astrophysics  Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics
 EPrint:
 9 pages, invited contribution to the workshop "Why trust a theory?", Dec.2015 in Munich