Selection and Coalescence in a Finite State Model
To introduce selection into a model of coalescence, I explore the use of modified integer partitions that allow the identification of a preferred lineage. I show that a partition-partition transition matrix, along with Monte Carlo discrete time kinetics, treats both the neutral case and a wide range of positive and negative selection pressures for small population sizes. Selection pressure causes multiple collisions per generation, short coalescence times, increased lengths of terminal branches, increased tree asymmetry, and dependence of coalescence times on the logarithm of population size. These features are consistent with higher order coalescences that permit multiple collisions per generation. While the treatment is exact in terms of the simplified Wright-Fisher model used, it is not easily extended to large population size. Keywords: Selection, Coalescence, Integer Partitions, Multiple Collisions, Tree Asymmetry.
- Pub Date:
- January 2017
- Quantitative Biology - Populations and Evolution
- 27 pages, 14 figures